TWO "BRONZE HORSEMEN": POETIC EXCHANGESIN THE 1830S
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TWO "BRONZE HORSEMEN": POETIC EXCHANGESIN THE 1830S
Annotation
PII
S241377150000616-0-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Pages
35-46
Abstract
At the end of March 1835 a poem entitled “The Bronze Horseman” (“Mednyj Vsadnik”) and signed I. Petrov was published in the newspaper “Literary Supplements to the Russian Invalid” (“Literaturnye pribavlenija k Russkomu Invalidu”). Its author was Kharkov province paymaster, poet and prosaist Ivan Matveevich Petrov, who happened to be in St. Petersburg in the spring of 1835. In its word choice, syntax and content the poem clearly echoes the introduction (“Vstuplenie”) to Pushkin’s eponymous poem; this preamble had been published four months earlier in the journal “Library for Reading” (“Biblioteka dlja chtenija”) under the title “Petersburg. Excerpt from a Narrative Poem” (“Peterburg. Otryvok iz poemy”). In Petrov’s poem there are also parallels with other sections of Pushkin’s narrative poem, suggesting that Petrov was to some extent familiar with them as well. Petrov’s source of knowledge about the poem was most likely Pushkin’s brother Lev Sergeevich, who spent the autumn of 1834 and the beginning of 1835 in Kharkov. The present study reviews, on the one hand, the parallels between Petrov’s “The Bronze Horseman” and other works he authored; and, on the other hand, particular reflexes of Petrov’s poem in Pushkin’s “The Feast of Peter the Great,” a poem which was written in the same verse metre – trochaic tetrameter – and in the same 8-line stanzas as Petrov’s poem, and which was published several months later in the first volume of the journal “The Contemporary” (“Sovremennik”) in 1836. What emerges, then, is evidence of a mutual resonance between the works of the two poets, of which they themselves may not have been fully conscious.
Keywords
poem, narrative poem, “The Bronze Horseman”, Petrov, Pushkin, poetic resonance
Date of publication
01.11.2013
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998
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