THE NIGHT-MARE: TOWARDS THE ORIGIN OF AN IMAGE IN CELTIC AND GERMANIC
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THE NIGHT-MARE: TOWARDS THE ORIGIN OF AN IMAGE IN CELTIC AND GERMANIC
Annotation
PII
S241377150000616-0-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Pages
54-59
Abstract
The article deals with the analysis of the semantic development of the word *mark-o- 'horse, saddle horse, mare', representing in Indo-European a Celto-Germanic isogloss. The author demonstrates that the paronimic associations with the name of a female demon Mara, attested also in Germanic and Celtic mythology, creates the image of a white horse and gives, in particular, an Old English name - Nightmare, having as a fi rst meaning 'the night horse'. At the same time the same paronimic attraction of mare with another old lexeme with the meaning 'water, river', attested also in Altaic languages, gives an idea of a water-spirit as well. The archeological data are also given, as well as deductions of psychoanalysis.
Keywords
domestication of the horse, riding, semantic reconstruction, Celto-Germanic isoglosses, Indo-European and Altaic parallels, “wandering words”, woman fi gure in archaic beliefs
Date of publication
01.07.2011
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830
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