PHONETICS AND PHONOLOGY
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PHONETICS AND PHONOLOGY
Annotation
PII
S241377150000596-8-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Pages
19-23
Abstract
The research of the phonetic side of language occupied different places in different periods. It became significant from the second half of the 19th century both in the comparative studies and in the experimental phonetics. The experimental studies were popular at the end of the 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century, they considered the basis of all the phonetic investigations. However, since 1870's (I. A. Baudouin de Courtenay) two linguistic disciplines were distinguished: anthropophonics and psychophonetics; then they were renamed “phonetics” and “phonology”. Phonetics was understood as a physical and physiological discipline connected with experiments; phonology was purely functional, not experimental discipline; many specialists on phonology were not interested in acoustic and articulatory characteristics of phonemes and studied only their relations. At the time of the structuralism (especially the early structuralism), phonology was the central area of linguistics; structural methods were elaborated on its material. The experimental phonetics continued to develop but it became an isolated, marginal field of linguistics. However, nowadays the priority changed: the traditional phonology became peripheral but the experimental phonetics is developing very intensively, these studies are of great theoretical and practical significance.
Keywords
phonetics, experimental phonetics, phonology, sound, phoneme, structuralism
Date of publication
01.11.2016
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0
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929
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