Table of contents
Publication type
The paper considers the Russian words spravedlivost’ (justice), nespravedlivost’ (injustice) and ravenstvo (equality), as well as their corresponding concepts. It is shown that the words spravedlivost’ and nespravedlivost’ are formally antonyms, because morphologically they differ only in morpheme ne- (“no”). However, their differences go much deeper. The word spravedlivost’ has an abstract meaning; it denotes a value category, while the extensional set of the word nespravedlivost’ is another one: it is used for denoting a wide range of situations where justice as a value concept is violated. For this reason, the word spravedlivost’ is de facto a singulare tantum. At the same time, the Russian word nespravedlivost’ (injustice) has both forms: singular, as well as plural. Differences in semantics between the words under consideration become apparent in metaphorical models, used by the speakers in the interpretation of justice, injustice and equality in Russian political discourse, for which the texts from print media serve as a model.
justice, equality, metaphorical model, value category, cognitive approach, descriptor theory of metaphors
Date of publication
Number of purchasers
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 100 RUB / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full text is available to subscribers only
Subscribe right now
Only article and additional services
Whole issue and additional services
All issues and additional services for 2016


Additional sources and materials

1. Baranov A.N., Parshin P.B. Yazykovye mekhanizmy va- riativnoj interpretacii dejstvitel'nosti kak sredstvo vozdejstviya na soznanie // Rol' yazyka v sredstvah massovoj kommunikacii. M., 1986. [Baranov, A.N., Parshin, P.B. [Linguistic Mechanisms of Variable Interpretation of Reality as a Means of Influence on Consciousness] Rol’ jazyka v sredstvah massovoj informatcii [ A R ole o f L anguage i n M assmedia]. Moscow, 1986.]
2. Politicheskij slovar' // rezhim dostupa: vslovare.ru/ slovar/politicheskiij-slovar. [Politicheskij slovar’ [Political dictionary]. vslovare.ru/slovar/politicheskiijslovar.]
3. Tolkovyj slovar' russkogo yazyka / P od r ed. D.N. Ushakova, v 4-h tomah. T. II. M., 1938. [Tolkovyj slovar’ russkogo jazyka/ Pod red. D.N. Ushakova. T. II [An Explanatory Dictionary of the Russian Language. Ed. by Ushakov, D.N. Vol. II]. Moscow, 1938.]
4. Zhivov V.M. Yazyk i revolyuciya. Razmyshleniya nad staroj knigoj A.M. Selishcheva // Otechestvennye zapi- ski, 2005, № 2 [Zhivov, V.M. [The Language and Revolution. Reflections on the Old Book by A.M. Selish’ev] Otechestvennyje zapiski [Domestic Notes]. 2005, no. 2.]
5. Shcherba L.V. Opyt obshchej teorii leksikografii // Shcherba L.V. Yazykovaya sistema i rechevaya deyatel'- nost'. M.: Nauka, 1974. [Sh’erba, L.V. [An Essay in General Theory of Lexicography] Sh’erba, L.V. Jazykovaja sistema i rechevaja dejatelnost’ [Language System and Speech Activity]. Moscow, 1974.]
6. Baranov A.N. Justice, Equality and Freedom: The Structure of Value Concepts. P.A. Chilton, M.V. Ilyin, J.L. Mey (eds.) Political Discourse in Transition in Europe 1989–1991, Amsterdam/Philadelphia, 1998.
7. Baranov A.N. Politicheskaya argumentaciya i cen- nostnye struktury obshchestvennogo soznaniya // Yazyk i social'noe poznanie. M., 1990. [Baranov, A.N. [Political Argumentation and Value Structures of Social Consciousness] Jazyk i socialnoje poznanije [Language and Social Comprehension]. Moscow, 1990.]
8. Baranov A.N. Metaforicheskie grani fenomena kor- rupcii // Obshchestvennye nauki i sovremennost', RAN. 2004, № 2. [Baranov, A.N. [Metaphorical Aspects of “Corruption”]. Obsh’estvennyje nauki i sovremennost’ [Social Sciences and the Present]. 2004, no. 2.]
9. Frank S.L. Etika nigilizma // Antologiya samizda- ta. T. 1, kn. 1. M., 2005. [Frank, S.L. [Ethics of Nihilism] Antologija samizdata, T. 1, kn. 1 [Anthology of Samizdat, Vol. 1, book 1]. Moscow, 2005.]
10. Slovar' russkogo yazyka v 4-h tt. / Pod red. A.P. Ev- gen'evoj. T. I V. M., 1988. [Slovar’ russkogo jazyka. Pod red. A.P. Evgenjevoj. T. IV [A Dictionary of the Russian Language. Ed. by Evgenjeva, A.P. Vol. IV]. Moscow, 1988.]
11. Slovar' russkogo yazyka v 4-h tt. / Pod red. A.P. Ev- gen'evoj. T. III. M., 1987. [Slovar’ russkogo jazyka. Pod red. A.P. Evgenjevoj. T. III [A Dictionary of the Russian Language. Ed. by Evgenjeva, A.P. Vol. III]. Moscow, 1987.] 12. Aristotel'. Bol'shaya etika // Aristotel'. Soch. V 4 t. T. 4. M., 1983. [Aristotel’ [Magna Moralia] Aristotel’. Soch. V 4-h t. T. 4 [Aristotle. Works in 4 vols. Vol. 4]. Moscow, 1983.]
13. Chernyh P.Ya. Istoriko-etimologicheskij slovar' russkogo yazyka. T. II. M., 1999. [Chernyh, P. Ja. Istoriko-etomologicheskij slovar’ russkogo jazyka. T. II [A Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language. Vol. II]. Moscow, 1999.]
14. Kashnikov B.N. Liberal'nye teorii spravedlivosti i politicheskaya praktika Rossii. Velikij Novgorod, 2004. [Kashnikov, B.N. Liberalnyje teorii spravedlivosti i politicheskaja praktika Rossii [ Liberal T heories o f Justice and Political Practices in Russia]. Great Novgorod, 2004.]
15. Tolkovyj slovar' russkogo yazyka s vklyucheniem sve- denij o proiskhozhdenii slov / pod red. N.Yu. Shve- dovoj. M., 2007. [Tolkovyj slovar\' russkogo jazyka s vl\'uchenijem svedenij o proishozhdenii slov. Pod red. N. Ju. Shvedovoj [An E xplanatory Dictionary of the Russian Language, with Etymological References / Ed. by Shvedova, N. Ju.]. Moscow, 2007.]
16. Baranov A.N. Deskriptornaya teoriya metafory. M., 2014. [Baranov, A.N. Deskriptornaja teorija metafory [Descriptor Theory of Metaphor]. Moscow, 2014.] 17. Slovar' russkogo yazyka v 4-h tt. / pod red. A.P. Ev- gen'evoj T. II. M., 1986. [Slovar’ russkogo jazyka. Pod red. A.P. Evgenjevoj, T. II [A Dictionary of the Russian Language. Ed. by Evgenjeva, A.P. Vol. II]. Moscow, 1986.]
18. Baranov A.N. Metaforicheskie modeli kak diskur- sivnye praktiki // Izvestiya AN. Ser. literatury i yazyka, 2004, tom 63, № 1. [Baranov, A.N. [Metaphorical Models as Discursive Practices] Izvestija AN. Ser. literatury i jazyka [ The “ Bulletin o f t he Russian Academy of Sciences: Studies in Literature and Language”]. 2004, Vol. 63, no. 1.]
19. Slovar' russkogo yazyka v 4-h tt. / pod red. A.P. Evge- n'evoj T. I. M., 1985. [Slovar’ russkogo jazyka. Pod red. A.P. Evgenjevoj, T. I [A Dictionary of the Russian Language. Ed. by Evgenjeva, A.P. Vol. I]. Moscow, 1985.
20. Baranov A.N., Kazakevich E.G. Parlamentskie debaty: tradicii i novacii (russkij politicheskij yazyk). M., 1991. [Baranov, A.N., Kazakevich, E.G. Parlamentskije debaty: tradicii i vovacii (russkij politicheskij jazyk) [Parliamentary Debates: Traditions and Innovations (Russian Political Language)]. Moscow, 1991.]
21. Baranov A.N. Sochetaemost' slov i “slabaya semantika ˮ // Voprosy kul'tury rechi. Vyp. XI. M., 2012. [Baranov, A.N. [Compatibility of Words and “Weak Semantics”] Voprosy kul’tury rechi. [Topics in Speech Culture]. Issue XI. Moscow, 2012.]
22. Baranov A.N. Fenomen korrupcii v metaforah dvuh diskursov // Komp'yuternaya lingvistika i intel- lektual'nye tekhnologii. Trudy mezhdunarodnoj konferencii Dialog‑2005. M., 2005. [Baranov, A.N. [A Phenomenon of Corruption in the Metaphors of Two Discourses] Kompjuternaja lingvistika i intellectualnyje tehnologii. Trudy mezhdunarodnoj konferencii Dialog‑2005 [Computational Linguistics and Intellectual Technologies. Proceedings of the International Conference ‘Dialogue‑2005’]. Moscow, 2005.]


No posts found

Write a review