LINGUISTIC VIEWS OF NIKOLAJ I. GRECH IN THE CONTEXT OF THE PHILOLOGICAL TRADITION OF HIS TIME (ON THE 230TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE BIRTH OF THE SCHOLAR)
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LINGUISTIC VIEWS OF NIKOLAJ I. GRECH IN THE CONTEXT OF THE PHILOLOGICAL TRADITION OF HIS TIME (ON THE 230TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE BIRTH OF THE SCHOLAR)
Annotation
PII
S241377150000495-7-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Pages
59-68
Abstract
The article analyzes the scholarly heritage of the largest philologist of the 19th century Nikolaj I. Grech (1787-1867), who held significant positions in public and cultural life of Russia of that time. Now his works on linguistics are largely forgotten, even though they contain interesting details about the linguistic and biographical history of his generation, reveal hidden linguistic polemics of different schools and trends, represent their author as an original thinker, who possessed the great literary skill and surely was a Master Chronicler. Here we discuss the problems of linguistic methodology associated with training manuals (textbooks) by N.I. Grech on grammar of the Russian language, which was popular especially in the first half of the 19th century. Written in the spirit of logical-philosophical notions about the language and time-tested by criticism, they are still interesting as facts of scholarly and scientific methodologies used in Russian public schools for teaching the native language. These works greatly influenced the subsequent tradition. The article draws attention to not-so-traditional area of professional activities of the scholar - the history of language, which was just beginning to awaken under the influence of the German comparative studies, romantic trends in literature, of interest to historical roots, folklore and traditional culture. In historical and linguistic ideas by N.I. Grech, despite their somewhat conservative tendency and immatureness, from a position of diachronic linguistics, the particular author's position is evident, supplied with unique examples and comparisons. These facts disclose the scholar as a leader in his field, able to penetrate into the unfathomed depths of language evolution. Here there are also analyzed the rare examples revealing N.I. Grech's attitude towards the borrowing of words and to the new trends in linguistic practice of his time.
Keywords
the Russian language, grammar, linguistic methodology, philology, philosophy of language, the origin of language
Date of publication
01.11.2017
Number of purchasers
2
Views
753
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0.0 (0 votes)
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References



Additional sources and materials

1.  Viskovatov A.V. Nikolaj Ivanovich Grech: Biograficheskij ocherk. SPb., 1854
2.  Karpov A.A. Nikolaj Ivanovich Grech // Russkie pisateli. 1800-1917: Biograficheskij slovar'. T. 2. M., 1992. S. 18-21  
3.  Grech N.I. Prostrannaya russkaya grammatika. T. 1. SPb., 1827
4.  Bulgarin F.V. Predislovie k Prostrannoj russkoj grammatike // Grech N.I. Prostrannaya russkaya grammatika. T. 1. SPb., 1827. S. I-IX  
5.  Grech N.I. Prakticheskaya russkaya grammatika, izdannaya Nikolaem Grechem. Izdanie vtoroe, ispr. SPb., 1834  
6.  Grech N.I. Rukovodstvo k izucheniyu russkoj grammatiki, izdannoe Nikolaem Grechem. SPb., 1843
7.  Grech N.I. Uchebnaya russkaya grammatika Nikolaya Grecha. (Dlya uchashchihsya). SPb., 1851
8.  Grech N.I. Zadachi uchebnoj russkoj grammatiki. SPb., 1852
9.  Buslaev F.I. Prepodavanie otechestvennogo yazyka. M., 1992
10.  Grech N.I. Chteniya o russkom yazyke Nikolaya Grecha. Ch. 1. SPb., 1840  
11.  Bopp F., Vergleichende Grammatik des Sanskrit, Zend, Armenischen, Griechischen, Lateinischen, Litauischen Altslavischen, Gothischen und Deutschen. 2 Aufl. Bd. 1-3. Berlin, 1856-1861.
12.  Vinogradov V.A. Agglyutinacii teoriya // Lingvisticheskij enciklopedicheskij slovar' / Gl. red. V.N. Yarceva. M., 1990. S. 16-17  
13.  Fasmer M. Etimologicheskij slovar': V 4-h tomah. Tt. II, III, IV. Izd.2-e, ster. M., 1986-1987  
14.  Vinogradov V.V. Istoriya slov. M., 1999  
15.  Dal' V.I. Tolkovyj slovar' zhivogo velikorusskogo yazyka. Izd. tret'e. T. I. M., 1903  
16.  Zotov V. \"Pedagog i literator..\". // [Pripleteno k] Viskovatov A.V. Nikolaj Ivanovich Grech: Biograficheskij ocherk. SPb., 1854. S. 3

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