Аннотация: В статье представлена общая классификация семантических переносов. Как показало исследование, переносы поддаются систематизации по четырём параметрам: 1) по характеру ассоциаций, лежащих в их основе: сходству, смежности и контрасту, причём ассоциации по сходству и контрасту составляют основу таксономических переносов (с рода на вид, с вида на род, с вида на вид и др.); 2) по функциональному параметру: функционально релевантные и иррелевантные; 3) по сфере действия: перенос распространяется как на план содержания языкового знака (метафора, метонимия, таксономический перенос), так и на план его выражения (звуковая метафора); как на лексическую, так и на грамматическую семантику; 4) по степени выразительности: так, метонимические ассоциации более реалистичны и предсказуемы, чем метафорические.
Ключевые слова: метафора, метонимия, синекдоха, таксономический перенос, грамматический перенос.
PDF: http://izv-oifn.ru/articles/205/public/205-526-1-PB.pdf
Страницы: 5-18
Автор: В. П. Москвин

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