Скачать / Download:


Absract: Drawing on the example of the artistic destiny of the playwright Alexander Shakhovskoy (1777–1846), the article considers the issues of the evolution of writer's reputation, as well as the ways and means of canonizing secondary writers, as well as the differences between the readers' memory and the historical / literary canon. An outstanding figure in the Russian theater of the 1800s and early 1820s, a popular playwright, an active participant in the debates between the “Archaists“and the “Innovators”, Shakhovskoy eventually lost his leading position in theater and literature. The article accounts for these changes by pointing out several facts: Shakhovskoy stayed true to the principles of the “Archaists”, outdated by the mid-1820s; however, he kept influencing the Russian comediography — the fact well illustrated by the appearance of such a notorious play as Griboyedov's “Woe from Wit”. Pushkin made the name of Shakhovskoy-the-playwright canonical in “Eugene Onegin”, and so it remained in readers’ reception. Fragments from the works of Shakhovskoy, well into the mid-1860s, were included in school anthologies, but later his texts were taken out of this corpus, even though it is unnatural for the Russian historical-and-literary canon to be lacking in that way.   
Keywords: secondary writers, canonization, Shakhovskoy, reader’s canon, historical-literary canon, evolution of a writer’s reputation
DOI: 10.31857/S241377150003919-3
Pages: 27-33
Author: Ljubov Kiseleva
Information about the author: Professor of Russian Literature. Affiliation: University of Tartu Address: Estonia

Список литературы/ References

1. Bloom, Harold. The Western Canon. The Books and School of the Ages. Moscow, Novoe Literaturnoe obozrenie Publ., 2017. (In Russian)

2. Vdovin, A., Leibov, R. Textbooks Texts: Russian Poetry and School Practice in the 19th Century. Textbooks Texts: Russian Pedagogical Practice of the 19th Century and the Poetic Canon. Tartu, Tartu University Press Publ., 2013 (Acta Slavica Estonica, IV). (In Russian)

3. Gozenpud, A. A.A. Shakhovskoy. Shakovskoy A.A. Comedies. Poems. Leningrad, Sovetskiy Pisatel’ Publ., 1961. (In Russian)

4. Gretch, N.I. Brief History of Russian Literature. St. Petersburg, V Tipografii Ni. Gretcha Publ., 1822. (In Russian)

5. Gretch, N.I. Textbook of Russian Literature, or Selected Extracts from Russian Compositions and Translations in Verse and Prose, with the Addition of Brief Rules of Rhetoric and Poetics and the History of Russian Literature: In four Parts. St. Petersburg, V Tipografii Avtora Publ., 1819-1822. (In Russian)

6. Zagoskin, M. Oeuvre: In two Volumes. Moscow, Khudozhestvennaya Literatura Publ., 1988. Vol. 2: Comedies. Prose. Poems. Letters. (In Russian)

7. The History of the Russian Drama Theater: In 7 Volumes. Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1977. Vol. 2: 1801-1825; Ìoscow, Iskusstvo Publ, 1978. Vol. 3: 1826-1845. (In Russian)

8. Kiseleva (Kisseljova), L.N. The Magazine “Spectator” and Two Concepts of Patriotism in the Russian Literature of the 1800s. Issues of Typology of Russian Literature: Works on Russian and Slavic Philology: Literary Criticism. Transactions of the University of Tartu. Tartu, Tartu University Press Publ., 1985. Issue 645. (In Russian)

9. Lotman, Y. Poetry of the 1790-1810s. Poets of the 1790-1810s. Leningrad, Sovetskiy Pisatel’ Publ., 1971. (In Russian)

10. Novashevskaya, K. A.A. Shakhovskoy – Historian of the Russian Theater. Tartu, University of Tartu Publ., 2016. https://dspace.ut.ee/bitstream/handle/10062/53749/novasevskaja_MA_2016.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y (In Russian)

11. Plavilschikov, P.A. Theater. Plavilschikov P.A. Collection of the Drama Works. St. Petersburg, Giperion Publ., 2002. (In Russian)

12. Russian Thalia. A Gift to Amateurs and Lovers of the Native Theater for 1825. Published by Thaddeus Bulgarin. St. Petersburg, V Tipografii N. Gretcha Publ.,1824. (In Russian)

13. Shakovskoy, A.A. Komedii. Stihotvoreniya. Comedies. Poems. Leningrad, Sovetsky Pisatel’ Publ., 1961. (In Russian)