PDF: http://izv-oifn.ru/images/2017-1/60–68-latuу.pdf
Absract: The article compares and analyzes the terms’ definitions aimed at a specialist and a non-specialist in the field, the inappropriateness of indiscriminant approach to defining terms in terminology and philological dictionaries, the distinctive features of these two types of definitions. We consider the existing approaches to understanding the nature of the concepts under discussion and their usefulness in interpreting the meaning of terminological units. To resolve the problem of improper definitions, we analyze some functional, semantic and structural features of the definitions of technical terms available in the State set of Standards (so called GOSTs) and in terminological dictionaries, as well as the definitions aimed at general readership and presented in non-specialized sources. We describe the cases when the lay and professional definitions intersect, we also look at the information units informed by such definitions targeted at different audiences and encompassing both common and scholarly/ scientific knowledge.
Keywords: technical term, strict definition, definition/interpretation, systematics, concept, meaning, semantics, structure.
Pages: 60-68
Department: Materials and Notes
Author: Maxim N. Latu
Information about the author: Candidate of Philological Sciences, Associate Professor of Western European Languages and Cultures Department, Director of the Research Center of Applied Linguistics, Terminology Studies and Linguistic Cognitive Technologies at Pyatigorsk State University, 9 Kalinin Ave., Pyatigorsk, 357532, Russia laatuu@yandex.ru


1. [Superanskaya, A.V., Podol’skaya, N.V., Vasil’eva, N.V. Obshchaya terminologiya: Terminologicheskaya deyatel’nost’ [General Terminology Studies. Working with Terminologies]. Moscow, Russkiy yazyk Publ., 1993. 243 p.]

2.[Tabanakova, V.D. Ideograficheskoe opisanie nauchnoy terminologii v spetsial’nykh slovaryakh: dis. ... d-ra filol. nauk [Ideographic Description of Scientific Terminology in Specialized Dictionaries: Doctor of Philol. Sci. Diss]. 10.02.21. Tyumen', 2001. 288 p.]

3.  [Andreev, V.P., Solomin, V.P. [What a terminological dictionary for educational purposes should be like]. Izvestiya Rossiyskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta im. A.I. Gertsena [Bulletin of the A.I. Gertsen Russian State Pedagogical University]. 2007. Vol. 9. № 46. pp. 38–51.]

4.  [Shelov, S.D. [The Issues of Specialized Vocabulary Definitions in Non-Specialized Dictionaries (Within Theory and Practice Development of Russian Lexicography)]. Trudy instituta russkogo yazyka im. V.V. Vinogradova [Bulletin of the V.V. Vinogradov Russian Language Institute]. 2014. № 1. Pp. 434–453.]

5.  [Krysin, L.P. Slovo v sovremennykh tekstakh i slovaryakh: Ocherki o russkoy leksike i leksikografii [A Word in Contemporary Texts and Dictionaries: Essays on Russian Lexis and Lexicography]. Moscow, Znak Publ., 2008. 320 p.]

6.  [Akhmetbekova, A.M. Leksikograficheskie i metatekstovye kharakteristiki terminologicheskoy definitsii: dis. ... d-ra filosof. nauk [Lexicographic and Metatextual Characteristics of a Technical Term Definition: Doctor of Philosoph. Sci. Diss]. 6D021 000. Almaty, 2014. 122 p.]

7. [Grinev-Grinevich, S.V. Terminovedenie [Terminology studies]. Moscow, Akademiya Publ., 2008. 304 p.]

8.  [Mel’nikov, G.P. Osnovy terminovedeniya [Fundamentals of terminology studies]. Moscow, Izd-vo un-ta druzhby narodov Publ., 1991. 116 p.]

9.  [Kutina, L.L. [Technical Term in Philological Dictionaries (Towards the Antithesis: Encyclopedic / Philological)]. Problematika opredeleniy terminov v slovaryakh raznykh tipov [Problematics of Terms’ Definitions in Dictionaries of Different Kinds]. Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1976. pp. 19–30.]

10.  [Rychkova, L.V., Chepikova, I.A. [The Peculiarities of Defining Technical Terms in Belorussian Philological and Specialized Dictionaries]. Slovo i slovar’: sb. nauch. trudov [Word and Dictionary: Scholarly Writings Collection]. Grodno, 2013. Pp. 120–123.]

11.  [Shelov, S.D. Termin. Terminologichnost’. Terminologicheskie opredeleniya [A Technical Term. Its Terminological Side. On Definitions of Technical Terms]. St. Petersburg, Izd-vo S.-Peterb. gos. un-ta Publ., 2003. 280 p.]

12.  [Tolikina, E.N. [Technical Term in a Philological Dictionary (Towards the Problem of Definition)]. Problematika opredeleniy terminov v slovaryakh raznykh tipov [Problematicsof Terms’ Definitions in Dictionaries of Different Kinds]. Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1976. pp. 45–57.]

13. [Superanskaya, A.V., Podol'skaya, N.V., Vasil'eva, N.V. Obshchaya terminologiya. Voprosy teorii [General Terminology Studies. The Issues of Theory]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 2003. 246 p.]

14. [Kosova, M.V. Terminologizatsiya kak protsess pereosmysleniya russkoy obshcheupotrebitel’noy leksiki: dis. ... d-ra. filol. nauk [Terminologization as a Process of Reconsideration of Meaning of Words from General Vocabulary: Doctor of Philol. Sci. Diss]. 10.02.01. Volgograd, 2004. 403 p.]

15.  [Leychik, V.M. Terminovedenie. Predmet, metody, struk- tura [Terminology Studies. Subject, Methodology, Structure]. Moscow, Editorial URSS Publ., 2007. 256 p.]

16.  [Merzlyakova, A.Kh. Lingvo- kul’turnye aspekty terminologii (na primere ryada termi- nov sotsiologii) [Linguocultural Aspects of a Terminolo- gy (Exemplified by Some Technical Terms from Sociol- ogy)]. URL:http://www.rusnauka.com/5_NMIV_2009/ Philologia/40848.doc.htm]

17.  [Latu, M.N. Nominatsiya v razvivayushchikhsya terminosistemakh [Technical Term Coining Process in Developing Terminologies]. Pyatigorsk, SNEG Publ., 2015. 192 p.]