Vol 77, NO 1 (2018)

Pages: 5-11
Department: The XVI International Symposium of the Slavists
Author: Ekaterina I. Yakushkina
Information about the author: Candidate of Philological Scienses, Assistant Professor at the Department of Slavic Philology of the Philological School of the Lomonosov Moscow State University, 1–51 Leninskie gory, GSP-1, Moscow, 119991, Russia jkatia@yandex.ru
Absract: Drawing on the lexical material represented in the Slavic Linguistic Atlas, the article describes the groups, into which the Serbian and Croatian dialects are divided. Lexical distinctions demonstrate the differentiation of the Croatian-Serbian continuum, which consists of the North-Western Croatian area, Adriatic area, Montenegrin area, Eastern and Central Serbian area, as well as of the Western and Eastern areas.
Keywords: The Slavic Linguistic Atlas, Serbian language, Croatian language, lexis, dialect, area studies, linguistic geography.
Pages: 12-17
Department: The XVI International Symposium of the Slavists
Author: Vadim V. Polonskiy
Information about the author: Professor of the RAS, Doctor of Philological Sciences, Director of the А.М. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the RAS, 25-a Povarskaya Str., Moscow 121069, Russia v.polonski@mail.ru
Absract: The article describes the sources for representations of the 1917 Russian Revolution rooted in imagery and plot structures by going back to the Russian culture of the pre-Revolutionary epoch; the antinomism (catastrophical enthusiasm) of rhetorical strategies within revolutionary texts is discussed; the prevalence of sacred discourse and Biblical/Apocalyptic topoi in journalist writing and in the belles lettres of the time is exposed and analysed. The article also clarifies the general principles behind the evolvement of constant imagery congenial to the Russian letters of the War and Revolutionary years and behind the fundamental shifts in cultural codes, which depend on the so-called ‘dehumanization’ caused by the historical cataclysm.
Keywords: the 1917 Russian Revolution, sacred plots and storylines, the Biblical imagery, Apocalypticism and literature.
Pages: 18-28
Department: The XVI International Symposium of the Slavists
Author: Victor S. Savelyev
Information about the author: Candidate of Philological Sciences, Associate Professor at the Philological School of the Lomonosov Moscow State University, 1 Leninskie Gory, Moscow, 119991, Russia alfertinbox@mail.ru
Absract: The article deals with petitionary, penitential, thanksgiving and soliciting prayers found in the narrative and in the direct speech fragments of the original text of The Tale of Bygone Years. The characteristic features of the majority of the listed prayers are accounted for (the traditional traits, a frequent use of quotations and clichés, indication of the private or public nature, an intimate or open character of a prayer, its duration and regularity, its accompanying “external movements”). The linguistic patterns, setting off the prayer as a specific speech genre, are determined. We have registered two ways in which the prayers were chiefly shaped, depending on the lack or presence of the objectivization of the modality of the obligation (direct and indirect prayers).
Keywords: The Tale of Bygone Years, chronicle, speech genres, prayer.
Pages: 29-40
Department: The XVI International Symposium of the Slavists
Author: Ekaterina V. Kuznetsova
Information about the author: Postgraduate Student of the Gorky Institute of World Literature Russian Academy of Sciences 25a Povarskaya Str., Moscow, 121069, Russia katkuz1@mail.ru
Absract: The article presents a comparative-and-stylistic analysis of the works of F. Sologub and I. Severyanin, containing utopian motives of a “fairyland”. The shifts in lexical and imagery patterns in the texts of Severyanin, considered through the theory of parody and in the context of Sologub’s views on the “new art”, allow us to speak of parodic transformation of the corresponding topos from the poetry of the older symbolist. Such a process is an integral part of the literary evolution, which included the processing of the symbolist heritage by the poetry of postsymbolism. The ironic re-coding of lyrical motifs employed by Sologub fits his own concept of “duality” of art and life, combining lyricism and irony, that, perhaps, aided him in endorsing of Severyanin’s poetics.
Keywords: I. Severyanin, F. Sologub, symbolism, postsymbolism, parody, irony, utopian motives.
Author: Natalia V. Nikolenkova
Information about the author: Candidate of Philological Sciences, Associate Professor at the Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991, Leninskie Gory, GSP-1, Moscow, Russia natanik2004@mail.ru
Absract: The article analyzes the discrepancies between practical use of trademarks (their creation, non-deviant spelling) and the rules of the Russian orthography, according to which trademarks are supposed to be codified. If one follows the official References, including those, which claim to follow the contemporary linguistic practices, he/she would not be able to properly establish a large part of the brand names. Even though certain attempts to amend the spelling rules were undertaken at the start of the 21 st century, they have failed to unify the orthography in question. This article suggests a way to fully revise the existent section of the Russian orthography concerning trademarks, by drawing on the study of modern nominations.
Keywords: theory and practice of orthography nomination, capital letter, modern nomination.
Pages: 48-53
Department: Materials and Notes
Author: Anastasia V. Semenova
Information about the author: Applicant at the Department of the History of Russian literature, Philological Faculty of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Lecturer of the Department of Philology at the Kazakhstan branch of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Republic of Kazakhstan, 010010, Astana, Kazhimukan st., 11 (Munaitpasov st., 7) аnastasia_semenova@list.ru
Absract: The article focuses on fundamentals of the Christian faith as depicted in Mikhail Kheraskov’s epic poem Vladimir and imparted by the protagonist’s teachers (Varangian martyrs, Idolem, philosopher Kir). The article explores their plot-driving sermons (which spur the “rebirth” of the protagonist), a series of ruminations on various aspects of the new faith, as well as different links to historical sources of the poem (the annals, the works of historians of the 18th century), some of which are defined in this article.
Pages: 54-64
Department: Materials and Notes
Author: Olga L. Dovgy
Information about the author: Candidate of Philological Sciences, Senior Research Worker at Faculty of Journalism of the Lomonosov Moscow State University, Lecturer at the Institute of Philology and History of the Russian State Humanitarian University, Russia. 109044, Moscow, Melnikov street, 21–1 olga.dovgy@yandex.ru
Absract: The paper continues the series of the author’s publications on A. Kantemir’s satires, perceiving them as a unified text. The satires are built on a system of universal oppositions, each of which deserves special attention. This particular paper deals with the “exterior/middle” opposition, which has a “meta-universal” import. The application of the so-called “thesaurus analysis” to this opposition, its multifarious modes of operation and expression, as well as the system of universal shift-words (switches), which serve to indicate a shift from one extreme point to another, allows us to arrive at the following conclusions: in Kantemir, the “exterior” tends to be bright, diverse and concrete, while the “middle” is dull, difficult to define, and might be described as “apophatic”. The two poles of the opposition “exterior/middle” are dynamically connected, and one polar opposite presupposes the existence of the other. By approaching the texts through varying lens, i.e. analyzing satires in light of different oppositions at the micro-levels of the text, we are enabled – through defamiliarization – to discern the intersections of deeper levels of satires and to appreciate the perfection of construction.
Keywords: A. Cantemir, satires, microphilological approach, opposition system, “edges/middle” opposition, formula “from edge to edge”, shift-words.
Pages: 65-71
Department: Materials and Notes
Author: Anastasia А. Gerasimova
Information about the author: Laboratory-Researcher at the Contemporary Linguistic Studies Institute of the Moscow Pedagogical State University, GSP-3, 11 Tverskaya Str., Moscow, 125993, Russia anastasiagerasimova432@gmail.com
Absract: This paper addresses the issue of gender mismatch in Russian. In Russian there is a set of nouns that refer to humans denoting their position, profession, degree etc. and trigger masculine grammatical agreement, but that are also used for denoting female humans as far as they do not have a feminine parallel. When referring to women in nominative case they may trigger both masculine or feminine agreement and, as a consequence, gender mismatch may occur: constituents may demonstrate different values of the same feature. Using experimental data, I provide both synchronic and diachronic estimation of gender mismatch frequency in Russian. I estimate the current distribution of gender mismatch patterns for both attributive and predicate agreement. Then I compare recent data with statistical studies from mid-twentieth century and then discuss possible interpretations of the change in distribution of the patterns. In particular, I show that in 50 years the distribution of masculine and feminine agreement within verbs and high adjectives has significantly changed. For both attributives and predicates the percent of agreement with formal features of the noun has increased. I also show that the phenomenon of gender mismatch in Russian correlates with the referential domain in the syntactic structure.
Keywords: gender mismatch, mixed agreement, noun phrase, referential domain, experimental linguistics, Russian.
Pages: 72-77
Department: Reviews
Author: Alexej A. Kholikov
Information about the author: Doctor of Philological Scieces asociated Professor at the Department of Theory of Literature, Philological Faculty of the Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Leninskie gory, GSP‑1, Moscow, 119991, Russia, aakholikov@gmail.com