Vol 76, NO 4 (2017)

Pages: 5–17
Author: Elena V. Paducheva
Information about the author: Doctor of Philological Sciences, Head Researcher of the Federal Research Center “Informatics and Management” of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 44-2 Vavilova Str., Moscow, 119333, Russia elena.paducheva@yandex.ru
Author 2: Natalia M. Stoynova
Information about the author 2: andidate of Philological Sciences, Researcher at the V. V. Vinogradov Russian Language Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 18-2 Volkhonka Str., Moscow, 119019, Russia stoynova@yandex.ru
Absract: The paper deals with the Russian demonstrative pronouns ‘tot’ (that) and ‘etot’ (this) as components of tense markers, such as ‘v etom godu’ (this year), ‘v to leto’ (last summer), ‘toi zimoi’ (last winter), ‘na etoi nedele’ (this week), etc. Demonstrative pronouns in these contexts can be used either anaphorically (‘v tot god’ = ‘in the year in question’) or deictically (‘v etom godu’ = ‘in the current year’). Deictic uses can be either ordinary, with reference to the present (‘na etoi nedele’ = ‘during the current week’) or specific – with reference to the past or future (‘v etu sredu’ = ‘last / coming Wednesday’). It turns out that different tense markers reveal different degree of preference to this or that interpretation. The set of available interpretations depends on: a) the type of the pronoun (‘v tom godu’ = ‘last /future /*current’ year, but ‘v etom godu’ = ‘current /*last /*future’ year); b) morpho-syntactic structure of the tense marker (deictic interpretation for ‘v tom godu’, Prepositional case = ‘last’ year, but only anaphoric interpretation for ‘v tot god’, Accusative case); c) the semantic class of the lexeme expressing the time interval (æetoi nochiu’ = ‘last’ night, but ‘v etom godu’ = ‘in the current’ year); d) the concrete lexeme (‘etim vecherom’ = ‘future /*last’ evening, but ‘etim utrom’= ‘last /*future’ morning).
Keywords: demonstrative pronouns, deixis, anaphora, tense modifier. Ключевые слова: указательные местоимения, дейксис, анафора, обст
Pages: 18-25
Author: Еkaterina A. Stetsenko
Information about the author: Doctor of Philological Sciences, Head Researcher at the A. M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the RAS, 25a Povarskaya Str., Moscow, 121069, Russia estetsenko@mail.ru Received by Editor on April 5, 2016.
Absract: The article is devoted to transformation of opinions about the dynamics of literary schools in literary science and scholarship, as the conception of linear literary process, divided into chronologically, ideologically and aesthetically defined epochs, was replaced by a synergetic paradigm of its complex dynamics included in the universal history and world culture.
Keywords: literary trend, synergetics, literary process, dynamics, unlinearity, universal history, poetics, traditions, postmodernism.
Pages: 26–33
Author: Anna V. Toporova
Information about the author: Doctor of Philological Sciences, Leading Researcher at the A. M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the RAS, 25a Povarskaya St., Moscow, 121069, Russia anna.toporova@gmail.com
Absract: We examine the traits and evolution of the vernacular epistolary genre in medieval Italy. A comparison with ancient epistles, on the one hand, and with Petrarch’s humanistic heritage, on the other, shows that the medi- eval letter was “private” and individual in nature as opposed to “public” ancient letters and “literary-individ- ualistic” Renaissance (or humanistic) correspondence. Analyzing the collections of letters of the 13 th -century poet Guittone d’Arezzo and the 14 th -century religious and public figures Giovanni dalle Celle, Giovanni Colombini and Catherine of Siena, as well as 14 th -century “commercial correspondence”, we describe the characteristic content and the linguistic and cultural aspects of this genre in the Middle Ages.
Keywords: epistolary genre, Guittone d’Arezzo, medieval religious literature, Catherine of Siena, medieval commercial correspondence.
Pages: 34–43
Author: Elena A. Gurevich
Information about the author: Doctor of Philological Sciences, Leading Researcher at the Department of Western European Literatures and Comparative Studies at the A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature, 25a Povarskaya Str., Moscow 121069, Russia alpgurev@gmail.com
Absract: The paper re-examines some controversial issues in saga scholarship. It provides a comparative analysis of the older (shorter) and the younger redactions of the “Valley-fools” section (“Dalafífla þáttr”) of “Gautreks saga”, composed in Iceland presumably in the 14 th century. “Gautreks saga” belongs to the genre of fornaldarsögur or “sagas of ancient times” and its two redactions (versions) are often (and rightly) regarded as reflecting different stages of the development of the genre. However, in contrast to the frequently expressed opinion that the younger compiler has greatly elaborated the plot in an effort to rationalize the bizarre behaviour of the Dalafífl, it is argued in the present article that the saga was reworked with the aim of making it more grotesque and amusing.
Keywords: saga scholarship, comparative analysis, “Gautreks saga”, “Dalafífla þáttr”, Iceland, fornaldarsögur, genre, the grotesque, fiction.
Pages: 44–58
Department: Materials and Notes
Author: Larysa А. Таrasevich
Information about the author: Candidate of Philological Sciences, Associate Professor at the Department of General Linguistics, Minsk State Linguistics University, 21 Zaharova Str., 220034 Minsk, Republic of Belarus tarassew@yandex.ru
Absract: The article explores the relationship between distributional characteristics and semantic properties of spatial prepositions in German and Russian. It was observed that the distributional trends of these linguistic units are stable and conform to the laws, which can be objectified with the help of quantitative methods. Thus, the selectivity in the compatibility of spatial prepositions is determined by the restrictions imposed by the semantics of the preposition in the region of localization. The narrower this region, the narrower the circle of relatums used with the preposition. The degree of selectivity in the compatibility of a preposition in the compared languages does not correlate with its frequency rank: the distribution of more frequent prepositions may be more selective than the distribution of less frequent ones, and vice versa. This indicates the different nature of semantic properties that determine, on the one hand, the frequency of the preposition, and on the other, its use with the names which belong to different distribution classes.
Keywords: spatial prepositions, semantics, distribution, compatibility, frequency, quantitative methods.
Pages: 59–61
Department: Reviews
Author: Оleg V. Nikitin
Information about the author: octor of Philological Sciences, Professor at the Department of History of Russian and General Linguistics of the Moscow State Region University 10А Radio Str., Moscow, 105005, Russia olnikitin@yandex.ru
Pages: 59–61
Department: Reviews
Author: Оleg V. Nikitin
Information about the author: octor of Philological Sciences, Professor at the Department of History of Russian and General Linguistics of the Moscow State Region University 10А Radio Str., Moscow, 105005, Russia olnikitin@yandex.ru
Pages: 62–66
Department: Reviews
Author: Nikolay N. Podosokorskiy
Information about the author: Candidate of Philological Sciences, Head of the Department of Social Media Marketing Agency “Green”, 3 Litera a Turgenevskiy Lane, St. Petersburg, 198095, Russia n.podosokorskiy@gmail.com
Pages: 67-74
Department: Chronicles
Author: Zoya Yu. Petrova
Information about the author: Candidate of Philological Sciences, Leading Researcher at the V.V. Vinogradov Russian Language Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 18/2 Volkhonka, Moscow, 119019, Russia zoyap@mail.ru
Author 2: Larisa L. Shestakova
Information about the author 2: Doctor of Philological Sciences, Leading Researcher at the V.V. Vinogradov Russian Language Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 18/2 Volkhonka, Moscow, 119019, Russia lara.shestakova@mail.ru
Pages: 75–80
Department: Chronicles
Author: Tatyana V. Govenko
Information about the author: Candidate of Philological Sciences (Ph. D.), Senior researcher at the A. M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of Russian Academy of Sciences 25a Povarskaya Str., Moscow, 121069, Russia govenko@mail.ru
Author 2: Olga A. Bogdanova
Information about the author 2: Doctor of Philological Sciences, Senior researcher at the A. M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of Russian Academy of Sciences 25a Povarskaya Str., Moscow, 121069, Russia olgabogda@yandex.ru