Vol 75, NO 5 (2016)

Pages: 5-17
Author: Juri M. Prozorov
Information about the author: Candidate of Philological Sciences, Leading Researcher at the Institute of Russian Literature (the Pushkin House) RAS, Makarov Embankment 4, St. Petersburg, 199034, Russia, odnodum8@mail.ru
Absract: The work consisting of two articles (two parts), examines complicated and going deeper than surface creative links between the poetry of V.A. Zhukovsky and N.A. Nekrasov. The author shows that significant cultural, historical and artistic differences between the two classics of the Russian poetic art, which distance them from each other, do not eclipse poets’ profound similarities in their treatment of poetic forms, nor break up the continuity of their choice of poetic subjects or of means to poeticize reality. Our study represents an attempt to comprehend the “non-linear” development of the Russian poetic tradition of the 19th century.
Keywords: Zhukovsky, Nekrasov, Russian poetry of the 19th century, poetic genres, trisyllabic verse meters, parody, lyrics poetics, poetic tradition
PDF: http://izv-oifn.ru/images/2016-5/01_prozorov.pdf
Pages: 18-32
Author: Anatoly N. Baranov
Information about the author: Doctor of Philological Sciences, Head of Department at the V.V. Vinogradov Russian Language Institute (Russian Academy of Sciences), Volkhonka 18/2, Moscow, 119019, Russia baranov_anatoly@hotmail.com
Absract: The paper considers the Russian words spravedlivost’ (justice), nespravedlivost’ (injustice) and ravenstvo (equality), as well as their corresponding concepts. It is shown that the words spravedlivost’ and nespravedlivost’ are formally antonyms, because morphologically they differ only in morpheme ne- (“no”). However, their differences go much deeper. The word spravedlivost’ has an abstract meaning; it denotes a value category, while the extensional set of the word nespravedlivost’ is another one: it is used for denoting a wide range of situations where justice as a value concept is violated. For this reason, the word spravedlivost’ is de facto a singulare tantum. At the same time, the Russian word nespravedlivost’ (injustice) has both forms: singular, as well as plural. Differences in semantics between the words under consideration become apparent in metaphorical models, used by the speakers in the interpretation of justice, injustice and equality in Russian political discourse, for which the texts from print media serve as a model.
Keywords: justice, equality, metaphorical model, value category, cognitive approach, descriptor theory of metaphors
PDF: http://izv-oifn.ru/images/2016-5/02_baranov.pdf
Pages: 33-47
Author: Еlena V. Beshenkovа
Information about the author: Candidate of Philological Sciences, Leading Researcher at the V.V. Vinogradov Russian Language Institute of the RAS, 18–2 Volkhonka Str., Moscow 119019, Russia evbeshenkova@gmail.com
Absract: The article focuses on main questions of theoretic orthography. According to the theory of self-developing system, a codifier is one of many factors that determine the probability of the scenario of further changes. Implementation of one of the possible scenarios is presented both as artificially created (the result of the conscious activity of the authority) and as a result of natural development. It does not diminish the responsibility of the codifier; on the contrary, his/her intervention should be deliberate, should set clear goals and develop a strategy for the management of the self-developing system. This basic strategy is based on adequate purpose of management, control method and the nature of the control process. The article discusses key criteria of standardization in terms of the theory of self-developing system.
Keywords: spelling, orthography, orthology, writing, rules, exceptions, non-equilibrium, normative criteria, policies of codifiers
PDF: http://izv-oifn.ru/images/2016-5/03_beshenkova.pdf
Pages: 48-61
Author: Кonstantin А. Barsht
Information about the author: Doctor of Philological Sciences, Leading Researcher at the Institute of Russian Literature (the Pushkin House) of the RAS, Makarov Embankment 4, St. Petersburg, 195426, Russia, konstantin_barsht@pushdom.ru
Author 2: Svetlana V. Beryozkina
Information about the author 2: Doctor of Philological Sciences, Senior Researcher at the Institute of Russian Literature (the Pushkin House) of the RAS, Makarov Embankment 4, St. Petersburg, 195426, Russia, s.berezkina@mail.ru
Author 3: Mikhail V. Volkov
Information about the author 3: Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor at the ITMO University, 49 Kronverkskiy Pr., St. Petersburg, 197101, Russia, ph-m-volkov@ya.ru
Author 4: Igor P. Gurov
Information about the author 4: Doctor of Technical Sciences, Head of the Department at the ITMO University, 49 Kronverkskiy Pr., St. Petersburg, 197101, Russia, gurov@mail.ifmo.ru
Absract: Problems of accurate manuscript dating by the spectrophotometry method in infrared range and ofProblems of accurate manuscript dating by the spectrophotometry method in infrared range and ofmatching of reflectance spectra of ink with the ones related to handwritten materials with known datesare considered. The advantage of this method is in its non-destructive character due to optical radiation ofsmall intensity, which does not alter properties and condition of the material under study. The conductedexperiments proved useful in establishing similarity and distinctions of freestanding fragments ofF.M. Dostoevsky's manuscripts.
Keywords: F. Dostoevsky's manuscripts, dating of scattered records, optical radiation at low intensity, spectrophotometric study of texts
PDF: http://izv-oifn.ru/images/2016-5/04_barsht.pdf
Pages: 62-74
Author: Natalia N. Primochkina
Information about the author: Doctor of Philological Sciences, Leading Researcher at the Gorky Institute of World Literature of the RAS, 25a Povarskaya Str., Moscow 121069, Russia nprim47@yandex.ru
Absract: Proceeding from the newly found archive materials (documents and letters), the article looks at the story of turbulent professional and personal friendship of Maxim Gorky (the “Petrel” of the Revolution) with Nikolai Bukharin (one of the Party ideologists and leaders of the Soviet state). The light is shed on the vicissitudes of life under Stalin's regime, which reduced the great men of history to the victims of the times.
Keywords: Gorky, Bukharin, business and personal relationships, Stalin's regime, tragic fates, Soviet epoch
PDF: http://izv-oifn.ru/images/2016-5/05_primochkina.pdf

 

Pages: 75-79
Department: Reviews
Author: Rufina P. Matveeva
Information about the author: Doctor of Philological Sciences, Leading Researcher at the Institute for Mongolian, Buddhism and Tibet Studies of the Siberian Branch of the RAS (Ulan-Ude), 6 Sakhyanova St., Ulan-Ude, Buryatia Republic, 670047, Russia rufina1938@mail.ru
Author 2: Andrey G. Igumnov
Information about the author 2: Candidate of Philological Sciences, Senior Researcher at the Institute for Mongolian, Buddhism and Tibet Studies of the Siberian Branch of the RAS (Ulan-Ude), 6 Sakhyanova St., Ulan-Ude, Buryatia Republic, 670047, Russia anigumnov@mail.ru
Author 3: Yelena L. Tikhonova
Information about the author 3: Candidate of Philological Sciences, Senior Researcher at the Institute for Mongolian, Buddhism and Tibet Studies of the Siberian Branch of the RAS (Ulan-Ude), 6 Sakhyanova St., Ulan-Ude, Buryatia Republic, 670047, Russia tipldk@yandex.ru
PDF: http://izv-oifn.ru/images/2016-5/06_reviews.pdf